German Military History
Bienvenido a The German Armed Forces, este no es un sitio de caracter politico y no apoya ningun tipo de ideologia, esta dedicado a la Historia del Ejercito Aleman desde Federico el Grande hasta la Wehrmacht. Nuestro sitio esta enfocado al estudio de la organizacion, protagonistas y el equipo utilizado por el Ejercito Aleman desde Federico el Grande hasta la Wehrmacht. Welcome to The German Armed Forces, a non political German military history research site online since February of 1998, dedcated to German Army from Frederick the Great to Wehrmacht.The focus of The German Armed Forces is on primary and secondary research regarding the technical, organizational and operational details of the German Arrmed Forces between 1657 to 1945. From Frederick the Great to the Wehrmacht.
On November 9, 1918—with his country in revolt and his battered army on the verge of defeat—German Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated, and the Second Reich passed into history. Early the following morning, he boarded his gold and cream-colored private train at Spa, Belgium, and crossed into neutral Holland, to begin his exile. As a final indignity, the Supreme War Lord of Imperial Germany had to give up his sword to a Dutch customs official. Thus ended the reign of the House of Hohenzollern, after 507 years and 19 generations. The Second Reich was replaced by the democratic Weimar Republic; the Imperial Army was replaced by the Reichsheer. After the armistice, the Reichsheer withdrew into its bases, organized itself, and began preparing for the next war. During the Weimar era (1919–33), the army developed and existed apart from the rest of German society. Its Officers’ Corps deliberately separated it and, to a large degree, isolated it from the rest of Germany.
It had its own ideas, legal code, traditions, culture, and manners.
The legacy of the Reichsheer dates back to the days of Prussia and the rise of what became the House of Hohenzollern in the early fifteenth century. Prussia became, as Baron Friedrich von Leopold von Schroetter remarked, ‘‘not a country with an army, but an army with a country.’’
From: The Rise of the Wehrmacht by Samuel W. Mitcham Jr.
By the spring of 1938 Hitler's ambitions for expanding 'Greater Germany' were well under way, starting with a covert plan to annexe Czechoslovakia, finalised as Fall Grim (Case Green) in May.This necessitated some hasty military planning and ne use of airborne troops was seen as a way of getting behind the strong Czech ::rder defences.To organise the airborne arm from the forces already available, the experienced Kurt Student was appointed with the rank of Generalmajor and inthe way the Luftwaffe had of designating their air combat commands, the Luftwaffe airborne forces became 7. Flieger-Division from 1 July 1938, and Student's command became effective from that date. However, he had to work fast because the division was required to be combat-ready by 15 September in time for Case Green to start. Student, enthusiastic and hard-working was up to the task, which was why he had been selected, but he also had the advantage of commanding Goring's respect and confidence which allowed him to plan, train, and organise in the way he thought best. This freedom of action was almost certainly helped by the fact that at the time nobody else of high rank knew anything about the subject!
Student set up his divisional HQ at Berlin-Tempelhof airfield with Hauptmann HeinzTrettner as chief of staff and a small planning team picked from trusted Luftwaffe colleagues. Such directives on airborne operations that had by then emanated from the Armed Forces High Command (OKW) saw the use of paratroops largely for securing airfields to allow the Luftwaffe to fly in troops, or sabotage or raiding operations in small units behind enemy lines. Student started planning afresh, however. His conception was that airborne operations would ideally take place in three phases. First would be the landing of shock troops by glider to take out key positions and defence posts. Secondly paratroops would secure airfields or areas big enough to land aircraft, or attack defence lines from the rear. Thirdly air landing troops would be brought in to the landing zones already secured by the paratroops to pave the way for the arrival of regualr infantry and heavy weapons. Student described these as shock tactics deliberately intended to cause 'surprise, fright and panic' combined with speed of events.
|Reichheer- The German Armed Forces 1657-1933 - The units, equipment, formations and organizations from Prussia to Weimar Republic. Las Fuerzas Armadas Alemanas 1657-1933 - Unidades, miembros y organizacion desde Prusia hasta la Republica de Weimar.|